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Types of Vitamin C

Types of Vitamin C

Vitamin C is known to be the powerhouse of anti-oxidants. An essential nutrient that is required for the growth and repair of tissues in all parts of the body, including our skin.  According to dermatologist Joshua Zeichner, M.D. “Vitamin C is perhaps the most potent topical antioxidant we have, It neutralizes free radical damage and protects the skin against UV light and other environmental aggressors, as well as blocking abnormal production of pigmentation to even skin tone and fade dark spots.” The most known topical use of the powerful anti-oxidant is probably Vitamin C Serum.

Types Of Vitamin C and how to use them:
The first and purest form of Vitamin C is L-Ascorbic Acid. It is the most well-studied form of vitamin and also biologically active. Since it’s the purest form of Vitamin C, start gradually if you are new to using this potent antioxidant. Start by using it twice a week and then gradually move it to daily usage. Make sure to finish it up with a generous coat of moisturizer.

Speaking of moisturizer, the ingredient that teams up the best with Vitamin C is Vitamin E. Which makes the Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin C Serum and Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin E mask one of the most potent duo. And if you have a sensitive skin, mixing your vitamin C serum with another serum such as a Hyaluronic Acid serum will be a good option. Other than Vitamin E, ferulic Acid, vitamin B, and hyaluronic acid also works great with Vitamin C

Apart from L-ascorbic acid, there are several vitamin C derivatives, such as sodium ascorbyl phosphate, ascorbyl palmitate, retinyl ascorbate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate. According to cosmetic chemist Ron Robinson "These derivatives are not pure vitamin C, rather they are combined with other ingredients, which might help to keep the vitamin C stable. So when these derivatives come in contact with the skin, they release the pure vitamin C onto the skin” However, if a product contains 10% these derivatives, only 3% pure vitamin c will be released on the skin.

Vitamin C Serum:
Like previously mentioned, serum is the most common form of topical Vitamin C application. They not only keep the ingredient stable, but also enhance penetration through the outer layer of the skin. Now vitamin C is a multi-purpose ingredient. It’s known to fade pigmentation, boost collagen production, heal sun damage, protects the skin against free radicals and over all brightens up the skin.

Adding a vitamin C serum to your regimen might be the one solution to your many skin woos. And it’s also safe to be applied by pregnant and lactating women. Which makes it the ultimate solution for pregnancy hyper pigmentation.

While Vitamin C doesn’t make your skin more prone to sun damage, it can oxidize on contact with the sun. So it’s best to layer it with a sunscreen when applied during the day time. It also boosts up the sun protection ability of the sunscreen when layered underneath.

Ingredients to avoid while using a Vitamin C Serum:
Avoid using it in the same routine as Benzoyl Peroxide. Also avoid using BHA or AHA in the same routine as Vitamin C since Vitamin C itself has an exfoliating effect.

How to store:
Always store your Vitamin C serum in a cool, dry place. Exposure to sunlight can oxidise the vitamin C so make sure to finish the product within a month or two, keep the bottle closed tightly.  Some say refrigeration may help the longevity of the serum.  Avoid using it if it has turned yellow, or is smelling rancid.

Best Vitamin C Serum Pick:
One of the top Vitamin C Serum is undoubtedly the Klairs Freshly Juiced Vitamin C. With an L-ascorbic acid concentration of 5%, it is gentle enough for sensitive skin.

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